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Historical Perspectives on Engendering War, Peace and Justice

October 19-20, 2007
Georgian Court University, Lakewood, NJ, U.S.A.

Conference Call
Conference Information (Hotel, Airport, Transportation, Directions)



Word Format (better for printing)


7:00-9:00 PM: Board Meeting & Dinner (officers and board members)


7:45-8:30: Registration & Breakfast

8:30: Welcome

Panels: 9:00-10:30

Gender and the Dilemma of Religion and Activism in War and Peace
Moderator: Francis Conroy, Neumann College and Burlington County College

Francis College, Neumann College and Burlington County College
Softer Realism, More Inclusive Dialogue: Hilary Conroy with Sophie Quinn Judge on Avoiding Pacific War, 1898-1966
Laura Kathryn Baines, Boston College
Under the Eyes of God: Religion, Southerners, and the Civil War
Robert McParland, Felician College
Overcoming Abstraction through Dialogue: Thomas Merton’s Struggle with Peacemaking

Engendering the Nation-State in Times of War and Peace
Moderator: Kevin J. Callahan, Saint Joseph College

Edward Price, University College London
From Insipid Warrior to Helpless Passivity: Germany’s Changing Gender Roles in War and Peace 1914-1920
James J. Kimble, Seton Hall University
“Uncle Sam’s Fist” and “the Soft Underbelly of Europe”: Rhetoric, Propaganda, and Allied Personification in World War II
Daniel Conway, University of Bristol, UK
Contesting the Masculine State: War Resistance in Apartheid South Africa

10:30-10:45: Break and Coffee

Plenary Session I: 10:45-12:30

The Peace History Society: A History and Analysis by Some of Its Early Leaders
Berenice Carroll, Purdue University
Charles Chatfield, Wittenberg University
Blanche Wiesen Cook, John Jay College and Graduate Center of CUNY
Sandi Cooper, College of Staten Island and Graduate Center of CUNY
Arthur Waskow, Shalom Center, Philadelphia
Larry Wittner, State University of New York, Albany

12:45-2:15: Lunch and Presentation of Awards

Panels: 2:15- 3:45

Women, Peace and Justice on Broadway
Moderator: Scott Irelan, Illinois State University

Harriet Alonso, The City College of New York, CUNY
Robert E. Sherwood: Women, War and Peace on the Interwar Broadway Stage
Anne Fletcher, Southern Illinois University
Depression, War, Kitty Duval and Women in The Time of Your Life
Robbie Lieberman, Southern Illinois University
What Happens to a Dream Deferred?: FBI Surveillance of Lorraine Hansberry, 1951-1965

Gender, Conflict Mediation, and the Politics of Peace
Moderator: Berenice Carroll, Purdue University

Wendy E. Chmielewski, Swarthmore College Peace Collection
Peace and Politics: The Role of Women in the Mid-Nineteenth Century Transatlantic Exchange of “Friendly Addresses”
Virginia Iris-Holmes, California Institute of Technology
Making Peace between Arabs and Jews: Einstein’s Creative, Sincere, Persistent Responses to Palestine 1929
Lynn M. Kutch, Kutztown University
Like Agamemnon and Clytemnestra: Ilse Langner’s Gendered Perspective on the Politics of War and the Prospects of Peace

3:45-4:00: Break and Coffee

Panels: 4:00-5:30

Gender, Self-Immolation, and the Soldier Experience in the Cold War and Vietnam War Era
Moderator: Kathleen Kennedy, Western Washington University

David Hostetter, Robert C. Byrd Center for Legislative Studies
A Hunger for Peace: Dorothy Hutchinson, Lawrence Scott and Fasting to Confront the Cold War
Robert Topmiller, Eastern Kentucky University
Fighting for Reconciliation: Female Activism in Wartime South Vietnam
Karen Turner, Holy Cross College
There Are No Heroes: Vietnamese Female Soldiers in War and Peace

Gender and the Social Costs of War in American Military History
Moderator: Charles Howlett, Molloy College

Mark Stepsis, Fordham University
The Costs of Combat: Paying for Civil War Soldiers’ Service
Melissa Ziobro: “The Simple Headquarters of a Grant or Lee Were Gone Forever:”
Gender Integration as an Exigency of Modern Warfare
Eric Stephen Singer, American University
Cold War, Gender and the Baltimore Freeway Revolt
5:45-6:45 Wine/Beer Hour.
Larry Wittner—on the banjo—singing peace & justice songs (audience participation).


7:00-8:00 Banquet and Awards


8:00-10:00 Screening of Documentary Film: “The Camden 28”
Followed by discussion with Anthony Giachinno, the film’s director, and members of the Camden 28 who raided a Camden draft board in 1971


8:00-8:30 Breakfast

Panels: 8:30-10:00

Peace, Justice and Prisoners: North American Women Confront War in the Twentieth Century
Moderator: Susan Zeiger, Regis College

Heather Fryer, Creighton University
“Notes from a ‘Fanatic’”: A Chronicle of Gendered Rage, Divided Loyalty, and an Anthropologist’s Elusive Quest for Justice on the American Homefront
Suzanne K. McCormack, Community College of Rhode Island
‘One of the shakiest, unnerving experiences’: A Community Organizer meets US POWs in 1967 Hanoi
Frances Early, Mount Saint Vincent University
Re-Imaging War: The Voice of Women of Canada and the Opposition to the Vietnam War

The Role of Identity in Women’s Peace Activism
Moderator: Marian B. Mollin, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Christy Jo Snider, Berry College
Mary Emma Woolley and the 1932 Geneva Disarmament Conference
Prudence Moylan, Loyola University Chicago
Making the Connection between Gender Equality, Disarmament and Peace in the Interwar Years 1918-1938
Joyce Blackwell, Saint Augustine College
“I Am a Peace Warrior”: Erna Prather Harris and Peace Reform Activities in the Black and Jewish Communities, 1956-1985

10:00-10:15 Break and Coffee

Plenary Session II: 10:15-11:45

Future Directions in Gender and Peace History: The American Example
Moderator: Frances Early, Mount Saint Vincent University

Ian Lekus: Tufts University
Do Anti-Militarists Have Balls? Masculinity in the Anti-Vietnam War Movement
Ruth Alexander, Colorado State University
The Intentions of Cold War Internationalist Women: Their Language and Movement through Geopolitical Space
Kathleen Kennedy, Western Washington University
Thinking about Just War, Savagery and Gender in Popular Culture: The Case of Xena Warrior Princess

Lunch: 12:00-1:15

Panels: 1:30-3:00

Gender, Human Rights and the Law
Moderator: Scott H. Bennett, Georgian Court University

Gregory F. Walsh, Boston College
Gender and the New Jersey Council of Safety during the American Revolution
Kerstin Nordlöf, Mid Sweden University
The Comparative Aspects of Gender Governing Protected Witnesses
Farhad Malekian, Institute of International Criminal Law, Sweden
The Miserable Wedding of Positivism and Naturalism

Gender and Peace Initiatives during World War I
Moderator: Sandi Cooper, College of Staten Island and Graduate Center of CUNY

E. P. Fitzgerald, Carleton University
The Missions of Berta Szeps-Zukerkandl to Switzerland in 1917: An Episode in Personal Peace Diplomacy during the First World War
David S. Patterson, Independent Scholar
Women’s Activism and Citizen and Wilsonian Diplomacy in World War I
Brigitte Rath, University of Vienna
Olga Misař: A Feminist Peace Movement Protagonist during the First World War and until 1938
Barbara J. Steinson, Depauw University
Contested Meanings of Women’s Opposition to War: Rethinking the 1915 International Congress of Women at The Hague

3:00-3:15: Break and Coffee

Panels: 3:15-4:45

Gender, Vietnam Draft Resistors and Constructing Identities of Peace Activists in the Popular Press
Moderator: Charles Chatfield, Wittenberg University

Trond Nerland, Hedmark University College, Norway
Selective Conscientious Objection and the Just War Tradition in the American Press during the Vietnam War Era
Joseph Jones, Emeritus, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
Women in the Vietnam-Era Exile Movement as Reflected in the Pages of Amex-Canada Magazine
Laura Adams Knudson, Texas Woman’s University
Peace Activist or Anti-War Radical: Media Representations of Cindy Sheehan

Gender, Social Movements, and the Struggle for Social Justice
Moderator: Virginia Williams, Winthrop University

Marc Becker, Truman State University
Constructing Women’s Suffrage in Ecuador’s 1944-1945 Constituent Assembly
Andrea Estepa, Oberlin College
Redefining “Survival”: Women Strike for Peace’s Campaign for Economic and Racial Justice at Home during the Vietnam War Years
Martin Halpern, Henderson State University
‘Open It Up or Shut It Down’: Peace Activists, Women’s Liberationists, Trade Unionists and the 1970 University of Michigan Black Action Movement Strike

Open Business Meeting: 5:00-6:00

All PHS members invited
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